Biblical Archaeology Review Sheds Light on Historical Mysteries in July/August 2012 Issue
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WASHINGTON, D.C. (June 13, 2012)—The “forgery trial of the century” is over in Jerusalem, but the acquittal of defendants Oded Golan and Robert Deutsch doesn’t answer the question of whether or not the “brother of Jesus” inscription on the James Ossuary is genuine. Hershel Shanks explains in “‘Brother of Jesus’ Inscription Is Authentic!” why he believes it is. But is the reference to Jesus of Nazareth or to someone else named Jesus? That and much more is featured in the July/August 2012 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR), now available on newsstands and on the Web.
Then a detective case in progress. Ancient sources, including the New Testament, tell of a large Jewish population in Cilicia in southeastern Turkey, but not a single synagogue has been found there—until now. As Mark R. Fairchild reveals in his article “Turkey’s Unexcavated Synagogues,” tantalizing survey finds from two unexcavated sites in Cilicia suggest the presence of two hitherto-unknown early synagogues, including what could be the earliest synagogue ever discovered.
Next up in our series of historical mysteries: “Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?” According to the Bible, Shishak, king of Egypt, marched against Jerusalem during the fifth year of the reign of Rehoboam, Solomon’s son and successor. Shishak, actually Pharaoh Sheshonq I, left his own account of this northern campaign carved into the walls of the Temple of Karnak in Egypt, but he does not mention Jerusalem among the places he conquered. With new insights, Israeli scholar Yigal Levin examines the historical veracity of both the Biblical account and that of the Egyptian monarch.
Sometimes the Blblical text helps illuminate artifacts, but other times ancient objects shed light on the Bible, as is the case here. What do ancient alphabetic inscriptions called abecedaries reveal about the date of some of the Psalms? Could something as simple as the order of letters of the Hebrew alphabet be key to dating these Psalms? Read “Can Archaeology Help Date the Psalms?” by Mitchell First to see why the answer is “yes.”
There’s more to learn in the fascinating columns written by expert contributors. First Person includes a thoughtful discussion of four different kinds of “past,” while Ron Hendel defends the usefulness of critical Biblical scholarship in Biblical Views. Davida Eisenberg-Degen explores “the archaeology of scribbles” in Archaeological Views and explains how rock art can give us direct access to the ancient mind.
The exploration online at Bible History Daily, where Web visitors can access daily articles on key Biblical archaeology topics, the latest news, book reviews and dozens of free eBooks. Right now the Scholar’s Study features a response by Qeiyafa excavator Yossi Garfinkel to the minimalist school. Also available are excerpts from the testimony of former IAA employee Joe Zias in the forgery trial section. Check out the digital edition of the magazine here. The BAS Library features easy access to all footnoted articles in BAR Notables and new Special Collections each month.